Offsetting agreements are open access business models that offset subscription costs against publication costs. As instruments of the open access transformation they are intended to enable the transition to purely publication-based open access models. In the latest edition of the “ABI Technik” library journal, Adriana Sikora and Michael Schlachter provide an insight into the back office work with MPDL’s offsetting agreements, presenting all workflows as well as pointing out challenges and problems.
With the beginning of the year, MPDL entered in a new transformative agreement with IOP publishing. It includes access to IOP's premium journal collection IOPScience extra as well as allowing authors to publish open access in 36 selected subscription journals under a free Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY).
Munich, February, 2018 – The Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) is pleased to announce a new pilot project with Bernstein Technologies GmbH (Bernstein), which will give MPG-scientists access to the groundbreaking blockchain technology to certify their research data on the Bitcoin Blockchain.
In particular the collaboration between Bernstein and the MPDL will launch a custom version of the Bernstein web application and grant access to a selected group of users within the MPG. Using this technology Bernstein allows researchers at the MPG to create a digital trail of records of their innovation. Therefore designs, inventions and proofs of use can be registered to obtain blockchain certificates that prove ownership, existence and integrity of any IP asset. Thanks to a unique cryptographic layer all notarized information will remain entirely private.
“Being able to certify research data at any state is a big step towards proving and securing data ownership. We are happy to offer our MPG-researchers such an easy while, at the same time, secure tool to certify their research data” says Dr. Frank Sander, General Manager of the MPDL. Marco Barulli, Managing Director of Bernstein is thinking ahead and states that “the present collaboration may also evolve in the implementation of a defensive publishing service combining blockchain certificates and IPFS (InterPlanetary File System) decentralized data storage”.
Both parties believe blockchain and other decentralized technologies will have a strong impact on the way knowledge will be registered and shared in the future to the benefits of science, art, innovation and society.
Bernstein is a German startup offering blockchain-based solutions for securing intellectual property assets. It combines blockchain certifications with digital timestamps issued by official Time Stamp Authorities (TSA) in different geographies. It allows companies to create a digital trail of records of their innovation processes using blockchain technology. To learn more visit: https://www.bernstein.io/
About Max Planck Digital Library
The Max Planck Digital Library is a service unit within the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V. (MPG) dedicated to the strategic planning, development and operation of the digital infrastructures necessary for providing Max Planck Institutes with scientific information, publication support and research data management services. To learn more visit: https://www.mpdl.mpg.de/
Enthusiasm for the MPDL-services is continually increasing: being invited to the MPI for Gravitational Physics (Albert-Einstein-Institute), we started our first gig this year on January, 25 in Hannover. Within the institute’s weekly meeting we presented our wide service portfolio which was very well received by the attendees. We were very happy to see that the whole space was full of people who were interested in our talk!
A big thank you goes out to Dr. Frank Ohme who invited us and also to the whole institute’s hospitality!
Initiated by several leading Max Planck researchers, Max Planck Digital Library, on behalf of the Max Planck Gesellschaft, has provided substantial support for the development of SciPost, a platinum open access publication portal in the field of physics. These funds will allow SciPost to carry out the implementation of a number of projects to enhance and broaden its services to the community.
It’s the workflows, stupid! What is required to make ‘offsetting’ work for the open access transition
A recent article by Graham Stone (Jisc) and Kai Geschuhn (MPDL) published in the British library journal UKSG Insights highlights the outcomes of two workshops organized by the Efficiencies and Standards for Article Charges initiative (ESAC) in 2016 und 2017. The paper makes the case for stronger engagement of libraries and consortia when it comes to negotiating and drafting offsetting agreements. The workshops have shown a clear need for an improvement of the current workflows and processes between academic institutions (and libraries) and the publishers they use in terms of author identification, metadata exchange and invoicing. Publishers need to invest in their editorial systems, while institutions need to get a clearer understanding of the strategic goal of offsetting. To this purpose, strategic and practical elements, which should be included in the agreements, were introduced. The paper proposes a set of recommendations for article workflows and services between institutions and publishers, based on a draft document which was produced as part of the 2nd ESAC Offsetting Workshop in March 2017. These recommendations should be seen as a minimum set of practical and formal requirements for offsetting agreements and are necessary to make any publication-based open access business model work.
Open in order to innovate!
In the theme of Open Access Week 2017, OA2020 relaunches its website with a call to libraries worldwide to divest of the traditional subscription model in order to finance innovative, sustainable business and publishing models.
A great deal of interest in a presentation of the MPDL-services was shown by the MPI for molecular Biomedicine. Therefore the MPDL was asked to present its portfolio at the MISS-seminar on October 20th. The talk at the auditorium was well-attended; also the services were lively discussed by the attendees during and after the presentation. The subsequent happy hour gave everybody a great platform to exchange further ideas.
A big thank you goes to Dr. Gabriele Bixel, the Scientific Administrator, who invited the MPDL to Münster!
On September 7th the MPDL was invited to the annual Max Planck PhDnet GöHub in Göttingen. This year the event was hosted by MPI for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity. The MPDL had the opportunity to present its services. The presentations have been met with enthusiasm by the attendees.
The Max Planck Digital Library set up an agreement with the Canadian based information provider 1science. By this, Max Planck affiliates receive access to the 1science database "1findr" which is considered to be world’s largest curated open access discovery platform.
Read 1science press release
The Max Planck Digital Library cordially invites you to participate in the Open Science Days 2016.
The event will take place at the Harnack House in Berlin and is going to extend over one and a half days (October 16/17). It is directed at researchers and specialists from inside and especially from outside the Max Planck Society who are interested in an interdisciplinary communication about Open Science.
For the upcoming event we have chosen to focus on a topic which has been immensely popular among information specialists in recent years: Open Research Data
Apart from the Open Access movement, this probably is the most prominent area of Open Science right now. Since this issue has been widely discussed at numerous conferences or workshops dealing with Open Science for quite some time now, we would like to review and take stock of the preliminary development and discussion so far.
The conference language will be English. The participation fee is 100 € and the number of participants is limited to 60 persons.
For registration and a preliminary program please visit: http://osd.mpdl.mpg.de.
The Max Planck Digital Library established a new central agreement with Open Access publisher Hindawi, allowing Max Planck authors to publish Open Access in all Hindawi journals. Open Access charges for all corresponding authors with a Max Planck affiliation will be covered centrally by MPDL as of submission date August 1, 2017.
Hindawi press release
The Open Library of Humanities is an academic-led, gold open-access publisher with no author-facing charges. With funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the platform covers its costs by payments from an international library consortium, rather than any kind of author fee.
Read the OLH press release
The electronic laboratory notebook software “labfolder” is now also available via the central MPG installation https://labfolder.mpdl.mpg.de provided by the MPDL. The Data will be securely stored at the GWDG.
Basically, all Max Planck institutes and facilities of the MPG, as well as institutes and facilities, whose provider, scientific sponsor or cooperation partner is the MPG, are able to use the software.
For usage of the central MPG installation please create a new user account at https://labfolder.mpdl.mpg.de. Please be aware that during your signup you have to be inside the Max-Planck IT-infrastructure.
In addition to an account in the central MPG installation, labfolder can also be set up as an in-house service at the respective institute. Thereby, the emerging data will be stored in locally operated server environments.
For using a local labfolder installation, Max Planck researchers need to contact the in-house IT department and/or library team on-site. Cooperation with researchers outside the Max Planck Society are possible, but are potentially limited by regulations of the respective Max Planck Institutes.
[workspaz], the scientific collaboration and communication platform has been renamed due to compliance reasons. Its new name is: «collective».
The platform can now be reached under https://collective.mpdl.mpg.de. [workspaz] URLs will be redirected to the new domain.
«collective» is a customized version of the open source software Open Atrium.
The platform offers the following functionalities:
- Spaces for institutes, departments, project teams etc.
- Multiple differentiation possibilities of permission setting (public and private groups or spaces which can be structured hierarchically)
- Within your workspace you can have calendars, document sections (e. g. to make a wiki) and areas to upload and structure your files/data
- You can also start discussions and do simple project management by using the task lists tool within your workspace
The «collective» team will gladly establish a working area for you within the «collective» platform.
How to start:
- Register and contact the support
- Individualise your space
- Invite your team
- Collaborate & communicate
The American Physical Society (APS) and CERN, as the host organization of SCOAP3, have entered into an open access agreement. Under this agreement, which will be in effect come January 1st, 2018, high-energy physics (HEP) articles will be published open access at no direct costs to the authors in three of the leading APS journals (Physical Review C, Physical Review D and Physical Review Letters).
The web of citations among scientific publications builds a comprehensive knowledge network revealing many insights into the nature of science. Public access to citation data is therefore an important cornerstone for an open scholarly infrastructure. It improves the visibility of the scientific output and enables researchers, data scientists, institutions, as well as third-party providers to develop exciting services like impact analyses, discovery tools or visualizations far beyond the scope of individual publishers.
For all these reasons, the MPDL full heartedly supports the Initiative for Open Citations (I4OC) launching today. A growing group of publishers have already made the decision to release citation data publicly and we kindly invite all our publishing partners to join the movement by turning on reference distribution for all DOIs in Crossref.
This year, the MPG research leader network "LeadNet" has teamed up with the Max Planck Digital Library to coordinate and provide all services required for organizing the LeadNet Symposium 2017. This includes creating and updating the website, processing registration, providing administrative support with the conference venue, managing the operational budget, and promoting LeadNet through better communication between the different institutes. The idea behind this new form of cooperation between LeadNet and the MPDL is that it allows the current and future LeadNet steering committees to focus on the thematic and program aspects of the symposium.
MPDL and LeadNet are looking forward for the Symposium 2017 - a meeting from research leaders to research leaders in the MPG.
The symposium takes place in the Harnack Haouse in Berlin between the 9th and 10th of May 2017.
For more information and registration please go to the LeadNet website.
Starting 2017, the Max Planck Society established a new three-year agreement with Taylor & Francis allowing Max Planck authors to publish open access in more than 2.000 Taylor & Francis and Cogent journals offering a CC-BY license option. Publishing fees will be covered cntrally by the Max Planck Digital Library. On the same time, the agreement includes access to almost 300 Taylor & Francis journals.
Read the full Taylor & Francis press release
On March 21-22, 2017, the 13th Berlin Open Access Conference will be held in Berlin. One year after the launch of OA2020, we want to review the progress of the initiative and focus on embedding structures and measures supporting the transformation in different countries.
Day 1 is reserved for the signatories of the ‘Expression of Interest’ of OA2020 and observers from the academic community, day 2 is open to the public. On this second day, different concepts of transformation will be presented and there will be outreach to the publishing industry.
You can register for the second conference day (March 22) starting Monday, January 16 at
Please note that registration will be closed either on March 07 or if the maximum number of participants is reached.
For details regarding the conference agenda, venue and accomodation visit
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) and the Max Planck Digital Library have signed an agreement which allows Max Planck researchers to publish their papers open access in RSC journals, which offer a CC-BY license, and access to all RSC subscription journal content. The RSC “Read & Publish” agreement, made for the first time, combines reading and open access publishing in one payment scheme. A pilot in nature, its aim is to gain experience to help prepare a framework for a sustainable model of open access publishing and access to RSC’s subscription journals.
For authors and librarians we have listed the cornerstones of the agreement on a dedicated page.
Holiday cheer and a happy new year!
The publisher Nomos and MPDL have a new central agreement for all authors of the MPG. Now MPG scientists can publish their scientific work with Nomos as a high-gloss print and in parallel as an Open Access eBook in the Nomos eLibrary. Hence the scientific work is published in a renowned journal and is immediately and permanently available online for everyone, worldwide. (Find the complete press release of Nomos. German only)
Max Planck Digital Library and labfolder GmbH concluded a central contract on the usage and installation of the browser-based, electronic laboratory notebook software labfolder for the Max Planck Society, starting on October 1, 2016. With this contract, basically all Max Planck institutes and facilities of the Max Planck Society, as well as institutes and facilities that are provider, scientific sponsor or cooperation partner of the MPG, are able to use the software. Institutes or facilities which already have a license contract with labfolder GmbH can easily migrate to the central contract. (Labfolder press release)
It has been a concern of the MPDL for quite a while to present all information and instructions regarding access to electronic resources licensed MPG-wide in a structured and appealing manner. The so-called MPDL service „Access Magic“ which includes the services „Campus Magic“ and „Travel Magic“has been summarized and re-edited on a new homepage.
The homepage, with its many hints and concise information about access, IP addresses, electronic resources, most up-to-date retrieval tools, or general background details, may be of interest not only to information and IT professionals, but also to MPG scientists.
Read more at: http://accessmagic.mpdl.mpg.de/
This week the MDPL DOI service has been integrated into Edmond - an Open Access data repository of the Max Planck Society. All registered Edmond users are now provided with a straightforward way to assign DOIs to their published datasets. The feature is available via the "Action" menu for each released collection in Edmond.
Please find more information on:
The Open Access 2020 initiative for the large-scale transition to open access - coordinated by Max Planck Digital Library - has added a frequently asked questions section about the OA transition. The FAQ address the 10 most frequently expressed questions and concerns regarding the transformation from the prevalent subscription-based publishing system to open access.
The FAQ can be found here
Today, the INTACT project has launched a new treemap-based visualization of open access publication charges paid by German and Austrian universities and research institutions. The visualization is based on the Open APC data set which is openly available on GitHub. The Open APC initiative demonstrates transparent and reproducible reporting and allows various cost analysis on fee-based open access publishing across institutions and publishers:
Yes to Open Access 2020 - but how?
Latest article in the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung about the conclusions from the EU Council Competitiveness about Open Acces in 2020 and the OA2020 initiative.
Read the article online (German only).
In November 2015, the MPI for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) and the Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) signed an agreement which enables the MPI-BGC to use the MPDL DOI service to assign DOI names to datasets and documents stored in various repositories hosted by the MPI, including the TRY database. Over the past weeks, the launch was prepared by jointly developing and implementing an appropriate process: As a result, the DOI assignment can now be carried out the MPI-BGC library using an interface provided by the MPDL. All MPI-BCG DOI names will share their own DOI prefix (10.17871), followed by a repository-specific suffix.
Recently, the MPI-BGC library assigned its first DOI to a data set in the TRY database: http://doi.org/10.17871/TRY.3.
Further details about the MPDL DOI service are available on the project homepage.
Open Access 2020 - Max Planck Digital Library coordinates international initiative for the large-scale transition to open access
Open Access 2020 is an international initiative that aims to induce the swift, smooth and scholarly-oriented transformation of today’s scholarly journals from subscription to open access publishing.
On 21 March 2016, the homepage of the initiative OA2020 was launched containing also practical steps that can be taken towards the envisaged transformation. These steps are outlined in a Roadmap. The Expression of Interest has already been endorsed by more than 40 international scholarly organizations. Similar to the “Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities” that was released in 2003 and has been signed by more than 550 scholarly organizations worldwide, the Expression of Interest will remain open to further signatories.
The OA2020 initiative is coordinated by Ralf Schimmer (MPDL) with a team from MPDL.
Max Planck Digital Library, Bielefeld University and Bielefeld University Library to cooperate on INTACT – A DFG funded open access infrastructure project
In October 2015, the open access infrastructure project INTACT (www.intact-project.org) has started its work. Funded by DFG, INTACT brings together three already existing initiatives which will now collaborate under one roof:
i) The Open APC platform at Bielefeld University Library collects cost information for open access article charges from university and research institutions. The constantly growing dataset is publicly available on a GitHub environment, which is integrated on the INTACT website. Currently it aggregates data with a total volume of more than 8,000,000 € for about 6,300 articles. Open APC demonstrates transparent and reproducible reporting and allows various cost analysis on fee-based open access publishing across institutions and publishers, which will be developed within the project.
ii) The working group Open Access Analytics at the "Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies of Science" (I²SoS) at Bielefeld University focuses on bibliometric research. Within the INTACT project, OA Analytics will provide indicators about the development and distribution of open access publishing at universities and research organizations. This is complemented by publication analytics frequently performed in the context of the global open access transformation by the MPDL Big Data Analytics group.
iii) The ESAC initiative at the Max Planck Digital Library was established in 2014 to address the administrative challenges between publishers and libraries related to the management of open access article processing charges. ESAC wants to help shaping the principles and conditions of the apc based business model while partnering with publishers and libraries in order to develop good practices and guidelines.
In following these three fields of action INTACT aims at an improvement of infrastructure which is needed to ensure a transparent and efficient APC market.
“The INTACT project combines three major components which are crucial for making the transition to open access happen. I am convinced that the synergies of the INTACT project will soon speed up progress in open access infrastructure building”, says Frank Sander, General Manager of the Max Planck Digital Library. “We are pleased to further strengthen the collaboration between Bielefeld University, Bielefeld University Library and MPDL as these partners are already today well-recognized in their ability to create and provide both robust services, deep insights and advanced library concepts”, he continues.
“We are also looking forward to collaborate with the Max Planck Digital Library on this important project” states Dirk Pieper, Deputy Director of Bielefeld University Library. “It is important that universities and research organizations work closely together to foster the ongoing open access transition. The international reputation of the MPDL will help increase the visibility and relevance of our joint project.”
The next steps of INTACT will be an expert workshop on open access offsetting agreements to be held in March at the MPDL and a Bielefeld workshop for Open APC data suppliers in April.
Please find more information on:
The Max Planck Digital Library signed a new agreement with Swiss Open Access publisher MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute). As of February 22, 2016, all articles in MDPI journals by corresponding authors affiliated with Max Planck Society will be centrally covered by MPDL. The agreement also includes a 10% discount on all processing charges for articles by Max Planck corresponding authors.
MDPI is an academic open access publisher based in Basel, Switzerland, which publishes 150 peer-reviewed scientific journals. MDPI receives more than 4.2 million monthly page views and PDF downloads.
In these days, the number of the publications collected in MPG.PuRe, are breaking the 250.000 line.
In addition to the continuous submission of articles, proceedings, books and many other genres by the active institutes, this is also a sign of the successfully progressive migration. The institutes not using MPG.PuRe yet, are transferred with their data to the system. In the meantime 60 institutes collect their data with MPG.PuRe.
The numbers refer to the collection of metadata describing a publication. Only a part of these items contains a text file, as PDF for example, that is uploaded in PuRe und made publically available. Altogether almost 33000 items are attached with at least one open access file.
At the 3rd of December 2015 we upgraded MPG.PuRe with the new release of the PubMan software, 7.10. This release contains almost exclusively the new Citation Style Language Editor.
With immediate effect our users have the possiblity the choose from 1200 existing CSL-Citation Styles within the known export function.
That is not all: PuRe now has also an own citation style editor, which can be used to edit citation styles or even to create completely new new styles. This service is also linked at the area "Tools".
To use this service you need the grant to edit CoNE open vocabulary. Further information about the workflow you can find in Colab. Please note the rules for the naming of new citation styles. You can also find a screencast giving a first introduction to the use of the citation style editor.
The Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) cordially invites you to participate in the Open Science Days 2016.
The event will take place at the Harnack House in Berlin and is going to extend over one and a half days (February 17/18). It is directed at researchers and specialists from inside und especially from outside the Max Planck Society who are interested in an interdisciplinary communication about Open Science.
At the forthcoming conference, we would like to put an emphasis on one of the numerous areas of Open Science: The focus topic in 2016 will be CITIZEN SCIENCE.
The concept refers to the growing involvement of amateur or non-professional scientists in the research process. In some research fields, like e.g. environmental research, this invovlement already has become a common practice. Other research disciplines seem to be more reluctant and yet it is unclear, whether Citizien Science will be an important factor in all areas of the entire research process in the future.
The conference language will be English. The participation fee is 100 € and the number of participants is limited to 80 persons.
For registration, preliminary program and additional information please visit: http://osd.mpdl.mpg.de/.
From today on [workspaz], the scientific collaboration and communication platform is presented in a new look. It is now based upon the open source software Open Atrium, which itself is a Drupal distribution, and was defined and adapted specifically for MPG purposes. With the new Open Atrium techniques and its ready-to-use modules it is much easier to set up the favored working areas for particular groups, which can be arranged in hierarchical structure if desired. These working areas can contain features like calendar, task lists, discussion-, wiki- and information sections as well as up- und download possibilities for files.
Find out more about [workspaz] and find also the link to the [workspaz] platform in the service catalog of the MPDL.
In the latest issue of Research Europe Dr. Ralf Schimmer (head of scientific information provision, deputy of MPDL) writes about the transition process from subscription to Open Access- which is more likely to happen than ever before.
Springer and the Max Planck Digital Library have signed an agreement which allows Max Planck researchers to publish their papers open access in more than 1,600 Springer subscription journals and access to over 2,000 Springer journals in total. The Springer Compact agreement, made for the first time with a large single research institution, combines reading and open access publishing in one payment scheme. A pilot in nature, its aim is to gain experience to help prepare a framework for a sustainable model of open access publishing and access to Springer’s subscription journals.
Read more in the official press release on the MPG Website.
For authors and librarians we have listed the cornerstones of the agreement on a dedicated page.
"Let's start the transformation process to Open Access now. All together." This is the key sentece of the extensive interview Dr. Frank Sander (general manager) und Dr. Ralf Schimmer (deputy) gave to b.i.t. online- a journal on technology and innovations in libraries. It can be downloaded here. Statements in the interview are built on conclusions made in a well received MPDL-publication earlier this year, which deals with the same topic: http://dx.doi.org/10.17617/1.3.
Ralf Schimmer will also discuss the transformation process with representatives of publishers and universities on the "Frankfurter Buchmesse"- during the b.i.t. online sofa session on Wednesday, October 14- starting at 12 o'clock.
At the 10th of September 2015 the second PuRe-Day took place at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne. 24 PuRe-User from several Max Planck Institutes joint the event. In the morning the user meeting took place and the upcoming new feature "Citation Style Editor" was presented. In the afternoon we held a Best-Practice-Workshop where problems and solutions resulting from the everyday work with PuRe were discussed. The last item on the agenda was a presentation of the MPG-internal CMS held by Tomasz Przedmojski form the developing company "Infopark".
The German protocol of the user meeting as well as a summary of the Citation Style Editor are available here.
At this point we also want to thank our colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies for making this event possible.
The Max Planck Digital Library cordially invites you to participate in the Open Science Days 2016.
The event will take place at the Harnack House in Berlin and is going to extend over one and a half days (February 17/18). It is directed at researchers and specialists from inside and especially from outside the Max Planck Society who are interested in an interdisciplinary communication about Open Science.
At the forthcoming conference, we would like to emphasise one of the numerous areas of Open Science: The focus topic in 2016 will be Citizen Science.
The concept refers to the growing involvement of amateur or non-professional scientists in the research process. In some research fields, like e.g. environmental research, this involvement already has become a common practice. Other research disciplines seem to be more reluctant and yet it is unclear, wether Citizen Science will be an important factor in all areas of the entire research process in the future.
The conference language will be English. Program and speakers as well as concrete information about registration will be announced soon.
For further information please visit: http://osd.mpdl.mpg.de.
Since April 2015 the MPDL is offering a DOI service including a web form which members of the MPG can use to request such a persistent identifier.
As announced, our users now have the additional option to register DOI for publications deposited in MPG.PuRe directly through the repository interface.
The new functionality was the main component of our latest PubMan release 7.9.4. This service is as well limited to members of the MPG who also have a PuRe account with moderator rights. Here you can find further information on the concrete workflow (in German).
Over the recent years the number of e-books licensed for der Max Planck Society has been increased significantly. More than 650.000 titles from publishers like Springer, Elsevier, Wiley, Oxford University Press and many others are currently available.
To help you locating your choice of e-books the new discovery interface MPG.eBooks has been launched.
In addition to high-speed searching MPG.eBooks provides several useful features for search refining, citing and sharing , e.g.:
- relevance ranking of search results
- many filtering options to modify your search results
- direct access link to the e-book in every record- "Read now!"
- export and citing options
- alerting service for your search requests via RSS
The various preliminaries have finally paid off: MPG.PuRe, the publication repository of the Max Planck Society, has officially gained OpenAIRE compliance now.
Various adjustments were necessary to meet the requirements of the OpenAIRE Guidelines 3.0.
For our users the moste prominent innovation surley is the integration of new metadata fields for "project information", among other things containing data about funding organisations or funding programs, such as Horizon2020. Further information on this topics (in German) can be found at the MPG.PuRe-Blog.
A selection of publications stored in PuRe is harvested by the OpenAIRE website and is being presented there. This refers to all publications with a publicly available full text attached or with a grant ID available within the metadata.
Users at the Max Planck Institutes thus can meet EU requests for the submission of publications within an OpenAIRE compliant repository simply by depositing their scientific output in PuRe as normal.
Today, the Max Planck Digital Library launched a homepage for its new DOI service at: http://doi.mpdl.mpg.de.
Assigning DOI names to research materials is a reliable method to improve data sharing and citation within the scientific community. The new MPDL DOI service provides Max Planck researchers with a simple process to request unique and persistent identifiers for research data and grey literature available electronically.
In this early stage, DOI namess can be requested by filling out a web form, but the service will soon be integrated into various repositories hosted by the MPDL. We also invite all Max Planck Institutes interested in assigning DOI names to objects stored in their local repository, to contact us to learn more about the service we can offer.
To request a DOI name or for further details, visit us at http://doi.mpdl.mpg.de.
A new study calculates a redeployment of funds in Open Access
The Max Planck Digital Library has put forward a study on the transformation of the subscription-driven system for scientific publications to an Open Access model. For the first time, quantitative parameters are presented showing that the liberation of scholarly literature is possible at no extra costs.
According to market analyses, annual turnovers of academic publishers amount to approximately EUR 7.6 billion. This money comes predominantly from publicly funded scientific libraries as they purchase subscriptions or licenses in order to provide access to scientific journals for their customers. Since more than a decade the Open Access movement, in which the Max Planck Society plays a major role, has been demanding free and immediate access to the results of academic research on the internet.
Open Access publishers ensure their financial sustainability through charging publication fees: Not readers but rather authors or their institutions or funders are supposed to pay for publications. While numerous publishers have already adopted an Open Access business model during the last few years, the share of openly available scientific articles is still only at a level of some 13%.
“We need to create an efficient and widely budget-neutral transition which offers fresh incentives to traditional publishers to cooperate and transfer established journals to Open Access,” says Martin Stratmann, President of the Max Planck Society.
The study which has now been presented by the Max Planck Digital Library is investigating the question whether the previously used subscription budgets would be sufficient to fund the Open Access publication charges and thus bring about a complete transition of academic publishing. The paper, entitled Disrupting the subscription journal’s business model for the necessary large-scale transformation to open access, concludes that such a transition would be possible at no extra costs. “An internationally concerted shifting of subscription budgets is possible at no financial risk, maybe even at lower overall costs”, says main author Ralf Schimmer.
The paper can be accessed on the institutional repository of the Max Planck Society (MPG.PuRe) at DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.17617/1.3
The Max Planck Digital Library is happy to announce, that the release 7.9 has been installed successfully on MPG.PuRe.
The most important feature is the OpenAIRE-enhancement. There are metadata fields for project information available now. In the upcoming weeks we will register PuRe at OpenAIRE, so that PuRe data can get harvested by OpenAIRE. Besides we implement further smaller features to make working with PubMan easier:
- New export format for citation styles: list can geht exported in docx-format.
- Advanced and Administrative Search can get triggered by enter-key.
- We removed the proposal-list from the date fields in submission and in search. To inform about the correct date format there is a placeholder and a mouseover in the date fields now.
- Adjustment in the search for files: When you search for "public" files, only files with an attachment with visibility "public" are found. External locators are not taken into account any more.
A comprehensive list with all new features can be found at our blog under the URL http://blog.pure.mpg.de/neue-funktionalitaeten-in-pubman-7-9/.
We adjusted our guide the "Wegweiser durch PubMan". It can get downloaded under https://subversion.mpdl.mpg.de/repos/smc/tags/public/PubMan/Wegweiser_durch_PubMan/Wegweiser_durch_PubMan.pdf.
We wish you furthermore a pleasant working with our "PubMan"-Software.
Bielefeld University started to aggregate data from German universities and research organizations revealing costs per article for Open Access journal publishing. Max Planck Digital Library contributed data on more than 700 Open Access articles covered out of central funds.
The participating institutions agreed to make their figures openly available via a GitHub under an Open Database License. Bielefeld University established a process to normalize data by using the CrossRef API and DOAJ.
The goal of the Open APC initiative is to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions. At the moment, the dataset releases information on 1.599 articles, with total expenditure of 1.938.505 EURO. Several interesting sample visualizations have already been published on that basis. See https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de
The Max Planck Digital Library is happy to announce the release of the latest version of the open source repository software eSciDoc.PubMan.
The new version is available for download here:
In the course of the release we have further adopted the PubMan installer. Furthermore, you will find an updated version of the detailed installation instructions (English and German) at the download page.
You can try out and test the PubMan functionalities on our test server (test-pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman - login & password: "demo").
It's been a while since our latest open source release - so there's a set of new features included in PubMan 7.8. The main points are:
- New application server: Wildfly
- Upgrade to JSF 2.2
- A new "Administrative Search" for logged-in users allows searches for contexts or items in status "pending" or "submitted"
- The most important information for each publication are clearly arranged on a separate overview page
...and many more smaller but helpful improvements.
Finally, we would like to draw your attention to this mailing list:
This list is forum for all technical questions and problems regarding the installation of eSciDoc and PubMan.
If you have any functional questions regarding the usage of a PubMan repository or you would like to stay up-to-date with the PubMan development, this mailing list may also be interesting for you:
The PubMan Team is in charge of both of the lists - so if you have any questions or you need some help, please do not hesistate to contact us.
The Max Planck Digital Library hopes you will enjoy this new release.
On December 3rd to 4th, the first Max Planck OPEN ACCESS AMBASSADORS conference took place organized by Max Planck Digital Library in cooperation with the Max Planck PhDnet.
Who are the OPEN ACCESS AMBASSADORS? Inspired by the first satellite conference during the Berlin 11 conference series in November 2013, the idea of a novel OA-campaign within the Max Planck Society was born: To strengthen the idea of Open Access within the community of young researchers, we wanted to train early career researchers, who are sent as representatives from each Max Planck Institute to become OPEN ACCESS AMBASSADORS. They should become advocates for Open Access and Open Science in order to carry these concepts into their local research communities.
The Ambassadors’ conference was meant to be the initial spark. We were delighted at the opportunity to include the campaign in the EU project FOSTER (Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research). FOSTER is an European-wide training program that will help researchers, postgraduate students, librarians and other stakeholders to incorporate Open Access approaches into their existing research methodologies.
We invited young researchers from all over the Max Planck Society (more than 80 research institutes) to take part in the conference and to become an “Ambassador” for Open Access at their institutes. Invitations were made by written letters sent to the directors of each institute and announcements via posters, flyers, internet, and mailing lists. During a six weeks registration period more than 70 “Ambassadors” applied and were confirmed. Applications came from more than 40 different Max Planck Institutes. Within the registration process, we asked the young researchers why they want to become an Ambassador for Open Access. We thereupon received many well-conceived and dedicated statements which we published in excerpts on the Ambassadors’ website at http://oambassadors.mpdl.mpg.de/open-access-ambassadors/.
The conference program was designed to include talks as well as workshop elements. We were lucky to win international Open Access experts over to speak at the conference like Nobel laureate Randy Schekman, PhD Erin McKiernan, Nick Shockey from the Right to Research Coalition, and Professor Björn Brembs from Regensburg University.
The first day’s focus was on researchers’ perspectives on Open Access. Erin McKiernan presented a very personal view on the topic by depicting her experiences she made as a researcher in Puerto Rico and Mexico. Coming from a well-resourced university in the US, she hasn't been aware of the fact that access to scientific information resources is expensive- so expensive that in Latin America, digital subscriptions to important research magazines are often simply unaffordable.
According to Björn Brembs, pay barriers are only one part of the current problems of scientific publishing. Other factors like the power of the Journal Impact Factor (IF) which is still crucial for research assessment, for scientific careers and funding applications are also difficult to change. Brembs unrolled some studies declaring the Impact Factor to be mathematically unsound and untransparent in terms of its calculation. Moreover, he stressed that there is an overall infrastructure crises within science taking into consideration the deficiencies in scientific data and software management.
Nobel laureate Randy Schekman gave a powerful dinner talk that made up the highlight of the conference. Schekman introduced eLIFE, where he is Editor-in-Chief. eLIFE is an Open Access journal publishing outstanding research in the life sciences and biomedicine. He explained how eLIFE has started to improve the scientific peer review process and why the journal declines to get an Impact factor. His dinner talk was followed by a nice conference party made possible by generous support of several sponsors.
The second day started with an opening speech by Mark Patterson, being the Managing Executive Editor at eLIFE. Patterson is a longstanding expert in the scientific publishing business. Again, Impact Factor and research assessment were in the focus of this talk; beyond that however, Patterson revealed a broad spectrum of potentialities for reuse and dissemination of scientific information in the digital age while introducing some promising new approaches in scholarly publishing as well as new ways of outreach assessment like Article Level Metrics.
Patterson's talk was followed by a session where seven scholarly publishers introduced their concepts of Open Access publishing. A more workshop-like part was the concluding part of the conference. PhD Meredith Niles from Harvard University gave a strong presentation on how to advocate Open Access at one’s institution, how to speak to advisors and colleagues about it. Above all, she said, it is important to be clear about individual motivations. “Why do you care?” Niles asked the Ambassadors and invited them to explain their personal “open stories” to their seatmates. Ross Mounce from the University of Bath subsequently gave an overview on the benefits of data and content mining as well as on copyright barriers that unfortunately often limit such a reuse.
To make sure that the Ambassadors can put Open Access into practice we completed the session with presentations on services and tools for Open Access publishing and data management at Max Planck. Institutional funding options for OA publications, Max Planck's institutional publication repository MPG.PuRe and the Max Planck Society research data repository Edmond were introduced to the Ambassadors.
More than 70 early career researchers (PhDs and Postdocs) have attended the two days conference. They were representing all discipline sections of the Max Planck Society namely Biology & Medicine, Chemistry, Physics & Technology, and Humanities & Social Sciences. We learned that the attendees have already been equipped with a lot of previous knowledge on Open Access and Open Science. They were enthusiastic about the topic: lots of questions were addressed to the speakers which started lively discussions.
Particular concerns have been expressed regarding questions of career-building in science and the felt pressure to publish in journals with high Impact Factors rather than to opt for Open Access journals. We hope that by building up the Ambassadors’ network there will be more awareness for this dilemma that young researchers are facing.
All conference presentations have been made available online at http://oambassadors.mpdl.mpg.de/programm/ as well as on the FOSTER portal under an open license. These materials now serve as a comprehensive resource that can be reused and adapted by the Ambassadors as they are going to set up their own local advocacy programs as well as by anybody else. We are going to accompany and support the activities of the Ambassadors in 2015 and hoping to establish a strong and lively network of advocates.
by Kai Geschuhn, Max Planck Digital Library
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Max Planck Authors can publish free in ScienceOpen during 2015
Max Planck Digital Library has signed an agreement with Elsevier for a new eBooks model. During an initial period of 12 months, almost 13.000 Elsevier eBooks from more than 20 subject areas will be accessible to all Max Planck Society institutions on the ScienceDirect platform or on the MPG eBooks catalog. At the end of this initial period, a number of eBooks will be selected for perpetual access, primarily based on usage in the previous months.
The conference is over – and we would like to take a brief look back at the first Open Science Days.
The event, being organized by the MPDL, was held at Max Planck Society's Harnack House in Berlin on 13/14 October. We were delighted to welcome about 45 international participants. In attendance were researchers and specialists from various institutions from in and outside of Germany.
We have tried to recruit speakers representing the whole variety of Open Science. This really worked well and we were able to present a packed program covering a big range of topics.
Another objective of the Open Science Days was bringing together experts from all kinds of disciplines and institutions in order to give room for personal dialog. This opportunity was very well adopted by all participants so we have seen a lot of discussion and exchange apart from the official program in the pleasant atmosphere of the Harnack House.
For all who missed the Open Science Days or those who want to review the given presentations, the material is available here.
We brought a lot of valuable impressions back to Munich and we would like to give a short summary of some of the presentations:
On Monday noon the conference was opened with an inspiring keynote by François Bry of the Ludwig Maximilian University Munich. His talk was a reflection on the "gifts of openness" and on the improvements which all forms of openness can imply for science itself as well as for higher education. Prof. Bry stated that the concept of openness perfectly fits to the "gift economy" already established in the minds of today's students. On the other hand, one of the greatest chances of openness for universities lies in the tracking and analysis of user requests (footprints). In this context, Prof. Bry argued in favor of the establishment of a "libertarian paternalism" in higher education.
Michael Hanke who heads the Psychoinformatics lab at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, told us about Open Data in Neuroscience. Talking about motivation and benefits of openness for researchers, such as transparency, accessibility, reproducibility and responsibility, he pointed out that it's important to make researchers aware of the concrete benefits resulting from open data ("what's in for me?").
After that, Mr Hanke gave a report on his project which included the collection of a high-resolution functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) dataset from test persons listening to the 2 h audio movie "Forrest Gump". Research data has been made publicly available and, though there isn't any concrete result yet, this approach seems to be very promising.
Isabella Peters (ZBW Kiel) provided an overview on the current status regarding altmetrics. Focusing on social media Prof. Peters stated that altmetrics tend to be more an extension to existing evaluation systems – not necessarily a replacement for them. It became clear that a huge amount of data is available in connection with social media and this data already is relevant in several ways.
In this context Prof. Peters pointed out that it will be important to understand and to thoroughly analyze this data set deriving from social media usage – for today, it still is unclear what many of the findings could exactly mean to research evaluation and future "impact" measurement.
On Tuesday the first session started with a comprehensive talk by Geoffrey Boulton of the University of Edinburgh / The Royal Society on the impact of openness on science.
Prof. Boulton illustrated how the traditional way of how research is conducted has been changed by a "data storm" resulting from today's research practice. Those masses of data imply both challenges and opportunities to the future of science. A fundamental challenge is the provision of replicability and therefore credibility of scientific results by having all data relevant to a publication published in an electronic database. On the other hand, open communication of data offers benefits such as faster response to emergencies, deterrence of fraud or malpractice and a faster and more effective response to many of today's challenges like climate change or energy issues.
A compulsory precondition for obtaining benefits from openness is that it comes as "intelligent openness" which means that data are discoverable, accessible, intelligible, assessable and re-usable.
An exciting report on concepts of and experiences with Citizen Science was provided by Jaume Piera from the European Citizen Science Association. Mr Piera, among other things, was talking about the CITCLOPS project which is dedicated to a community-based environmental (ocean and coastal) monitoring using own devices, such as smart phones as sensors. Interested lay persons are provided with simple devices for data acquisition, such as "Secchi discs" for measuring water transparency or scales helping with the determination of color shades. This equipment can even be supplemented by sensor buoys using low cost hardware.
This approach puts marine scientists in a position to collect and analyze large amounts of data which they would never have been able to acquire on their own.
These are just a few examples of all exciting talks given at Harnack House. We enjoyed the substantial input by our speakers as well as the lively contribution by the participants. Having these impressions in mind we really look forward to the next Open Science Days.
For further information see also
Are you looking for a comprehensive overview over databases and fulltext collections available to MPG researchers? Check out MPG.ReNa, the recently released Resource Navigator for the Max Planck Society.
This service provides descriptions for more than 500 information resources, covering a large range of subscribed ejournal and ebook collections, reference and fulltext database as well as library catalogs and further web resources available free of charge. Consequently, MPG.ReNa is a good entry point to discover the scope of your own institute's resources as well as the entire MPG collection.
MPG.ReNa features include:
- A-Z list for browsing the complete set of resource descriptions
- institute specific resource recommendations compiled by your local library
- alerting service for resources via RSS
Feedback or suggestions are welcome via our contact form.
We are delighted to present to you the program for the imeji Day 2014.
The imeji Day will include a wide range of issues that were brought to the imeji community during last year. In addition to a general introduction part at the beginning of the first day, the lectures will be divided into three sessions:
Session 1: imeji as part of a research infrastructure
Session 2: Reports
Session 3: imeji technology - How To
The detailed program can be found on our website. Skip to registration click here.
Of course we have also scheduled time for discussions between the presentations and during breaks in order to clarify individual questions or to discuss new opportunities for potential cooperation. General information on the imeji software is available on our homepage imeji.org, as well as an overview of the functionalities.
We look forward to see you!
We are pleased to announce a new Open Access agreement with PeerJ, which entitles any Max Planck author to publish their research in PeerJ at no cost to themselves.
With this announcement, thousands of authors in over 80 Max Planck institutes now have the ability to publish their peer-reviewed articles in PeerJ without needing to pay a fee. This publishing plan enables to automatically purchase ‘Enhanced Plans’ for accepted authors, meaning that those individuals will benefit from the ability to publish freely for life with PeerJ thereafter (at the level of 2 articles per year).
Kai Geschuhn from the Max Planck Digital Library said “With PeerJ we are expanding our portfolio of central Open Access agreements to include a publisher striking a new path in peer review. At the same time, PeerJ represents a new Open Access business model offering a high quality publishing platform at minimum cost“.
“We are pleased to see the commitment of a major research organization like Max Planck to the PeerJ model,” adds our co-founder Pete Binfield, “Open Access publications are more visible and help fulfil the desire of funders to disseminate their output as widely as possible. As such, PeerJ represents one of the most cost-effective ways for a funder to help their authors to publish in a high quality open access venue.”
Making its scientists’ research findings available for the benefit of the whole of humanity, free of charge whenever possible, is a key aspiration of the Max Planck Society. The Society joins over 40 universities world-wide, such as Stanford, Berkeley, Cambridge, Duke, Amsterdam, and University College London who have already made funds available for their faculty to take advantage of PeerJ memberships.
PeerJ emphasizes research integrity; high ethical standards; constructive peer-review; exemplary production quality; and leading edge online functionality. The journal is indexed by PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Scopus and Google Scholar. There is an Editorial Board of over 860 world class researchers, and a 20-member Advisory Board which includes 5 Nobel Laureates. In addition, PeerJ authors benefit from the ability to publish unlimited articles in PeerJ PrePrints.
Beim Joint IFLA CLM & EBLIDA Satellite Meeting referierte Thomas Hartmann (Max Planck Digital Library und Max Planck Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb) am 14.08.2014 in Strasbourg. Sein Vortrag "Sales law for e-books? After the CJEU's leading case UsedSoft" analysierte vor allem die neue Rechtsprechung für digitale Güter und deren Bedeutung für das Lizenzmanagement in Bibliotheken und für Publikationsmärkte. Dabei ging er auch auf die strategische Bedeutung von Open Access ein. Anschließend diskutierte er mit TeilnehmerInnen aus den verschiedenen Staaten weiter die Musterprozesse und Gesetzesinitiativen für ein "digitales Verleihrecht" der Bibliotheken (e-lending) sowie die Einflüsse von Cloud- und Shared-Diensten.
- Fachartikel "Weiterverkauf und Verleih online vertriebener Inhalte" (GRURInt 2012, S. 980-989) zum Thema
Thomas Hartmann (MPDL und MPI IP) nach seinem Vortrag mit Victoria Owen (Chair IFLA Committee on Copyright and other Legal Matters und Head Librarian at the University of Toronto Scarboroug) im Palais du Rhin/Strasbourg
We are very happy to kindly invite you to the imeji Day 2014. This year the imeji Day will be located in Berlin (Jacob-und-Wilhelm-Grimm-Zentrum) from October 20 about noon till October 21st about noon. We are looking forward to see you and want to initiate and deepen discussions around the imeji software.
More information will be anounced soon on our imeji website.
MPDL supports the protest against the new set of licenses by the Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers
Global Coalition of Access to Research, Science and Education Organizations calls on STM to Withdraw New Model Licenses
The Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers has recently released a set of model licenses for research articles. In their current formulation, these licenses would limit the use, reuse and exploitation of research.There are many issues with these licenses, but the most important is that they are not compatible with any of the globally used Creative Commons licenses. For this reason, we call on the STM Association to withdraw them and commit to working within the Creative Commons framework.
Together with a growing number of signatories, the Max Planck Digital Library shares a vision in which scholarly knowledge is a common good, a resource for the whole of humanity. This means more than just allowing the public access to research outputs, it means making research available in a way that allows its integration with the rest of human knowledge. It means making the resources arising from research and from wider public activities interoperable.
The Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers has recently released a set of model licenses for research articles. In their current formulation, these licenses would limit the use, reuse and exploitation of research. They would make it difficult, confusing or impossible to combine these research outputs with other public resources and sources of knowledge to the benefit of both science and society. There are many issues with these licenses, but the most important is that they are not compatible with any of the globally used Creative Commons licenses. For this reason, we call on the STM Association to withdraw them and commit to working within the Creative Commons framework.
The Creative Commons licenses are the de facto global standard for providing users with legal confidence of their rights to reuse content. They are not perfect, but they have been applied to over a billion resources by millions of authors. Creative Commons licenses are the preferred option supported by major content platforms and Open Access publishers. They are recommended by governments in Australia, Europe, the United States and elsewhere. If research outputs are to be a first class citizen of the web then they should use the same licenses.
Using the STM model licenses would make the research literature legally incompatible with hundreds of millions of Creative Commons licensed pictures on Flickr, videos on YouTube, articles on Wikipedia and across the web. Not all Creative Commons licenses allow all forms of use, and not all are compatible with Wikipedia but all Creative Commons licenses use common terms and a common and established legal framework. By contrast, the STM model licenses will increase costs for all stakeholders by creating legal uncertainty that can only be resolved by legal action, probably in multiple jurisdictions. Confusion and inconsistency are not in the long term interests of any stakeholder.
A global coalition – which includes funders, institutions, publishers, curators and the users of public resources – call on the STM Association to withdraw the model licenses. They share a positive vision of enabling the flow of knowledge for the good of all. A vision that encompasses a world in which downstream communicators and curators can use research content in new ways, including creating translations, visualizations, and adaptations for diverse audiences. There is much work to do but the Creative Commons licenses already provide legal tools that are easy to understand, fit for the digital age, machine readable and consistently applied across content platforms.
The list of signatories is available online here.
Forschungskoordinatoren der MPG diskutieren zusammen mit der Max Planck Digital Library über den digitalen Wandel in der Forschung.
Schloss Ringberg am Tegernsee bot genau die richtige Atmosphäre, um sich abgeschiedenen vom Forschungs – und Managementalltag intensiv mit dem Brennpunkt „digitaler Fortschritt und seine Herausforderungen“ auseinander zu setzen. Ein Themengebiet, welches zunehmend im Fokus steht, oft jedoch zu kurz kommt. Innerhalb eines drei-tägigen Symposiums im April 2014 konnten Koordinatoren sowie Referenten der Instituts-, bzw. Geschäftsleitung verschiedenster Max Planck Institute ihre Erfahrungen austauschen und sich mit externen Gästen aus Forschung und Wirtschaft beraten.
Am Ende durfte sogar „gemurmelt“ werden: Zwölf Themenbrennpunkte konnten durch die Vergabe von Murmeln priorisiert werden. Ganz oben stand der Wunsch nach jährlichen Koordinatoren-Treffen zu digitalen Services, gefolgt von dem Anliegen nach einer Informationsplattform MPG-weiter Serviceangebote sowie nach Research Data Management innerhalb der MPG.
Research articles by authors at Max Planck Society institutes that are published in SPIE journals will be open access per a new agreement with SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. Under the agreement, the Max Planck Society will pay open access fees for articles submitted by researchers at its institutes to any of the ten SPIE journals.
Following the proposal of the three Max Planck Institutes in Potsdam/Golm and the MPDL to the Max Planck Society to create a cluster for the deployment of eSciDoc/PubMan, the cluster has been officially launched on 15th of October 2007. The Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics and the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology in close collaboration with the MPDL will join their activities in the early adoption of eSciDoc/PubMan. This cluster cooperation follows the activities of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen in the early adoption of eSciDoc/PubMan. The activities of the institutes lay in the definition of priority services for scientists on PubMan (e.g. bibliographical lists, webpages), in the eDoc data migration and in the identification of a good workflow of integrating data in PubMan in conjunction with librarians and scientists.